Maximum Power Point Tracking of Photovoltaic System for Traffic Light Application

Riza Muhida, Nor Hilmi Mohamad, Ari Legowo, Rudi Irawan, Winda Astuti


Photovoltaic traffic light system is a significant application of renewable energy source. The development of the system is an alternative effort of local authority to reduce expenditure for paying fees to power supplier which the power comes from conventional energy source. Since photovoltaic (PV) modules still have relatively low conversion efficiency, an alternative control of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method is applied to the traffic light system. MPPT is intended to catch up the maximum power at daytime in order to charge the battery at the maximum rate in which the power from the battery is intended to be used at night time or cloudy day. MPPT is actually a DC-DC converter that can step up or down voltage in order to achieve the maximum power using Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) control. From experiment, we obtained the voltage of operation using MPPT is at 16.454 V, this value has error of 2.6%, if we compared with maximum power point voltage of PV module that is 16.9 V. Based on this result it can be said that this MPPT control works successfully to deliver the power from PV module to battery maximally.


photovoltaic, maximum power point tracking, traffic light, voltage converter, battery charging

Full Text:



S.-H. Ko and R.-M. Chao, "Photovoltaic dynamic MPPT on a moving vehicle," Solar Energy, vol. 86, pp. 1750-1760, 2012. crossref

F. Chekired, et al., "Implementation of a MPPT fuzzy controller for photovoltaic systems on FPGA circuit," Energy Procedia, vol. 6, pp. 541-549, 2011. crossref

Syafaruddin, et al., "Performance enhancement of photovoltaic array through string and central based MPPT system under non-uniform irradiance conditions," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 62, pp. 131-140, 2012. crossref

T. Bennett, et al., "Photovoltaic model and converter topology considerations for MPPT purposes," Solar Energy, vol. 86, pp. 2029-2040, 2012. crossref

P. E. Kakosimos and A. G. Kladas, "Implementation of photovoltaic array MPPT through fixed step predictive control technique," Renewable Energy, vol. 36, pp. 2508-2514, 2011. crossref

N. A. Ahmed, et al., "Development of an efficient utility interactive combined wind/photovoltaic/fuel cell power system with MPPT and DC bus voltage regulation," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 81, pp. 1096-1106, 2011. crossref

R. Muhida, et al., "A maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic-SPE system using a maximum current controller," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 75, pp. 697–706, 2003. crossref

N. A. Ahmed and M. Miyatake, "A novel maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic applications under partially shaded insolation conditions," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 78, pp. 777-784, 2008. crossref

S. Roy Chowdhury and H. Saha, "Maximum power point tracking of partially shaded solar photovoltaic arrays," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 94, pp. 1441-1447, 2010. crossref

K. M. Tsang and W. L. Chan, "Model based rapid maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic systems," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 70, pp. 83-89, 2013. crossref

Y.-C. Wu, et al., "Maximum power point tracking on stand-alone solar power system: Three-point-weighting method incorporating mid-point tracking," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 52, pp. 14-24, 2013. crossref

M. M. Algazar, et al., "Maximum power point tracking using fuzzy logic control," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 39, pp. 21-28, 2012. crossref

M. Park, et al., "A novel MPPT control method using optimal voltage of PV with secondary phase-shift PWM control DCAC converter," in Proceeding of International Conference on Electric Power Engineering, Budapest 99, Aug. 29 1999-Sept. 2 1999, p. 269. crossref

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)